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• Global warming is the increase in average surface temperatures as a result of rising levels of greenhouse gases.
• Human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation and agricultural practices have been largely responsible for increased amounts of carbon dioxide and other emissions into the atmosphere.
• The effects of global warming include an increase in sea levels, extreme weather events, droughts and floods, changes to ecosystems and species extinction.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the observed rise in average global temperatures due to an increase in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2). These gases trap heat energy from the sun that would otherwise escape back out into space causing the Earth’s temperature to rise.

Causes of Global Warming

The primary cause of global warming is human activity that increases greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere. This includes burning fossil fuels for electricity, transportation, industry and heating; deforestation; as well as certain agricultural practices such as overgrazing or using too much fertilizer on crops. As more CO2 enters the atmosphere it traps more heat energy from the sun causing temperatures to rise. Additionally, pollutants like methane, nitrous oxide and ozone can also contribute to radiative forcing which further increases temperatures.

Impacts of Global Warming

The impacts of global warming are varied and far reaching affecting different regions differently depending on their geographical location. Some consequences include melting glaciers resulting in rising sea levels which threaten coastal communities; extreme weather events like heat waves or powerful storms; droughts leading to water supply shortages; flooding because warmer air holds more moisture leading to heavier precipitation falls; changes to ecosystems with some species migrating while others become extinct due to habitat loss or climate change; ocean acidification caused by increased CO2 uptake by oceans leading to coral bleaching; reduced crop yields making food insecure regions more vulnerable; spread of vector-borne diseases like malaria when warmer temperatures allow disease-carrying insects to live longer and travel farther distances.

Solution To Global Warming

There is no single solution but instead a combination of measures needs to be taken if we are going reduce our impact on climate change: reducing emissions through improved energy efficiency or renewable energy sources like wind or solar power; keeping forests intact by protecting them from deforestation activities thereby preserving vital carbon sinks that absorb CO₂ ; improving agricultural practices such as using fewer pesticides or fertilizers thus curbing nutrient runoff into waterways; developing technology that can capture CO₂ directly from the air helping us offset existing emissions already present in our atmosphere.


Global warming has serious implications for humanity’s future if left unchecked but through collective action we have a chance at mitigating its worst effects while ensuring sustainable development for generations come.